By LARRY ROHTER 11/10/13 NY Times
LOS ANGELES — Miles Davis died here more than 20 years ago, but in some ways he remains as much a presence as ever, and not just because recordings continue to be issued under his name. A book of his paintings and drawings was published last week, a biopic about him is in the works, a stamp with his image circulates, and a museum exhibition devoted to his life is traveling the world.
Overseeing those initiatives, and others, are his three heirs: his son Erin, his daughter, Cheryl, and their cousin Vince Wilburn Jr. Like those who manage the estates of Jimi Hendrix, Bob Marley or John Coltrane, they are grappling with a complicated challenge: How do you keep this trumpeter, an archetype of 20th-century popular music, in the public eye and maintain his brand, even as his original core audience is aging?
“We’re talking to everybody, because we’re involved in growing and promoting and exposure,” Erin Davis said during a long joint interview late last month at the office of the heirs’ publicists here. “It’s taken me 20 years to realize what we’re doing and how it affects the future.”
The heirs confront a paradox: With more than four million copies sold in the United States alone, Davis’s 1959 album “Kind of Blue” is the most popular jazz record of all time. But the rest of his catalog, which includes historic recordings like “Birth of the Cool” and “Bitches Brew” and covers a gamut of styles from hard bop to fusion and funk, is not as familiar to the public.
Davis left behind an enormous body of work: In a recording career spanning nearly 50 years, he made well over 100 albums. The release of a limited-edition 70-CD boxed set in 2009 was followed two years later by a 20-CD box with miniature sleeves that mimic the original LPs. On Monday, a set of remastered mono versions of the first nine albums Davis recorded for Columbia Records, now a part of Sony, is being issued.
But there is much more in Columbia’s vaults, in the archives of television and radio networks in countries where Davis toured, and in the family’s own collection. (Davis recorded all his shows and rehearsals once the technology became available.) The heirs, however, talk of the need to exercise restraint, to avoid the risk of diluting the value of the Davis name.
“We don’t want to rehash or saturate the market with ‘Oh, here’s another Miles record,’ ” said Mr. Wilburn, who played drums in his uncle’s ensembles in the 1980s and now leads his own band. “We don’t put things out just for the sake of putting things out. This is really thought out, from a blueprint.”
Many of the releases in recent years, including Monday’s, seem aimed at completists and other longtime fans. The bigger test is the casual listener, especially a new generation that may be only vaguely aware of Davis.
“Lots of young people have heard of Miles Davis and make some association with his name, even if it’s just ‘Oh, he’s cool,’ ” said Adam Block, the president of Sony’s Legacy label, which handles the reissues. “Our job is to find ways to tell stories that validate those feelings and educate those with some interest in his music.”
He added: “There’s a need not just to refresh memories, but a desire to create new ones.”
In recent years, Davis’s heirs have stepped up their efforts to take his music to audiences at events like the indie-oriented CMJ Music Marathon in New York. At last year’s SXSW music festival in Austin, Tex., they even sponsored the Miles Davis House, described as a “genre-bending odyssey” featuring rock and pop bands that professed an affinity to his music.
“I always want the next generation to know about Miles,” Erin Davis said. “Some people figure it out for themselves. But with others, you have to show them something, and they come to it.”
The museum exhibition, called “We Want Miles,” is an expression of the same impulse. Though it has not yet toured the United States, it has been shown in France, Canada and Brazil. Cheryl Davis described the multimedia retrospective as a “comprehensive walk through his life, with trumpets, pictures, people speaking about him, and original manuscripts and sheet music.”
As part of their outreach to a younger audience, the Davis heirs have also been pursuing collaborations with hip-hop artists. Mr. Wilburn mentioned overtures to Questlove of the Roots, Pharcyde and Nas, but also said that “it’s got to be tastefully done, because people have played the samples for us, and if it’s derogatory towards women or people of color, we’re not about that.
“We know we’ll catch flak from the purists for doing the hip-hop thing at all,” he added. “But you know, hey, I was with my uncle, so I know what he believed in, and that was moving forward.”
Erin Davis said he is also interested in testing the various forms of electronic dance music and has already approached Thievery Corporation. In 1998 and 1999, Sony released CDs of fusion-era Miles Davis tracks remixed in ambient style by the producer Bill Laswell, and Mr. Davis said he would like to update that approach.
“The Laswell record has some of my favorite stuff,” because it was both “in keeping with the Miles tradition and ahead of its time,” he said. “There are some really good producers and D.J.’s out there, especially a lot of great European D.J.’s that I’d like to work with on that front.”
As films about Ray Charles and Johnny Cash have shown, a hit movie can help elevate a musician’s visibility and goose record sales, so the heirs are exploring that direction, too. Ms. Davis said that they have been in discussions with the actor and producer Don Cheadle about a biopic — Mr. Cheadle would star and direct — but that “some questions remain.”
Among the heirs, a clear if informal division of labor is apparent. “They know more about music than I do,” Ms. Davis said of her brother and cousin. “They know the record keeping, the catalog and all of that,” so on strictly musical questions, she defers to them.
But on everything else, “we’ll say, ‘Let’s call Cheryl,’ ” Mr. Wilburn said. “When we get a signoff from Cheryl, then we know we’re doing something right.”
Ms. Davis was deeply involved, for example, in the new book “Miles Davis: The Collected Artwork,” for which she wrote an afterword; exhibitions of his paintings in California this year; and in the “We Want Miles” exhibition. “Cheryl has ideas for clothes, ties, scarves, QVC, and Erin and I are like, ‘Yeah, that’s beautiful,’ ” Mr. Wilburn added.
Some musical estates have foundered, because quarrels among the heirs have impeded a comprehensive strategy to market the artist’s work after his death. (Miles Davis excluded two of Cheryl’s brothers, Gregory and Miles IV, from his will.) But the Davis heirs said they have avoided that pitfall by operating with a consensus approach: If one of them doesn’t like something, it doesn’t get done.
“Thank goodness, we all get along, that we’re on the same page, so that there can be movement,” Mr. Wilburn said. “You can’t get locked into one thing. You’ve got to keep it fresh. Hey, this is global, this is Miles Davis.”